Mothering the Pandemic through the Interface of Ritual and Performance


  • Jashodhara Sen University of Colorado, Denver


performative worship, ritual and performance, dondi, Jatra, social identity, epidemics and pandemics, Sitala


The representation of Sitala or “the one who cools” embodies cultural religiosity to eradicate epidemics, such as smallpox. Within its cultural context, images of Sitala are believed to relieve the community from fear, pain, and suffering primarily within the marginalized populations without any access to advanced healthcare in West Bengal. West Bengal, including its deprived population, is struggling to survive the global pandemic with defective or complete lack of testing kits for Covid-19. Amidst the uncertainty, the mother-figure Sitala’s relevance stands strong because of her status as the goddess of epidemics. By situating Sitala in the disadvantaged communities, particularly the women and the victims of the caste-based social structure of the Hindu society, this article demonstrates the ways in which Sitala’s prominence as the mother goddess has been popularized through the performative narratives describing her ability to cure fatal diseases. By employing an autoethnographic approach, I reflect on my personal experiences with the form, specifically my interview with a local priest, and enriched by various academic sources.Through this process of analyzing the ritual performances within its cultural and performative repertoire, this article argues that, in the area of Balia, West Bengal, under-resourced and marginalized women find protection and healing from maladies through the performative worship of Sitala.


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